August 22, 2004: The day Nicolas Massu made Olympic history for Chile
Every day, Tennis Majors takes you back in time to relive a tennis event which happened on this specific day. On this day, August 22, 2004, Nicolas Massu made history by winning the Olympic singles and doubles gold medals for Chile.
What happened exactly on that day
On this day, August 22, 2004, at the Olympic Games in Athens, Nicolas Massu, from Chile, achieved a unique feat in men’s tennis history. After having obtained the gold medal in doubles the night before, partnering Fernando Gonzalez, he claimed the gold medal in singles, beating the American Mardy Fish (6-3, 3-6, 2-6, 6-3, 6-4). Massu and Gonzalez had already played five sets in the doubles final, saving four consecutive match points before triumphing against Nicolas Kiefer and Rainer Schuettler, from Germany (6-2, 4-6, 3-6, 7-6, 6-4). These were the first gold medals ever obtained by Chilean athletes in Olympic Games history, and they had both been conquered by Massu.
The guys involved
Nicolas Massu, from Chile, was born in 1979. He broke into the top 100 at the end of 1999, and he reached his first final on the tour in 2000, in Orlando, before claiming the first of his 4 titles in 2002, in Buenos Aires (defeating Agustin Calleri in the final, 2-6, 7-6, 6-2). In Grand Slam tournaments, he had reached the third round in every Grand Slam but the Australian Open, but he never managed to go past that stage. In 2003, he finished runner-up to Juan Carlos Ferrero at the Madrid Masters 1000 (6-3, 6-4, 6-3). So far, 2004 was his best season on the tour; he obtained his highest ATP ranking in spring as world No 11, and then, in July, he claimed the most important title in his career in Kitzbuhel (defeating Gaston Gaudio in the final, 7-6, 6-4).
Mardy Fish was born in 1981. After he turned pro in 2000, he obtained his first remarkable results on the Tour in 2003, claiming his first and only ATP tour in Stockholm (defeating Robin Soderling in the final, 7-5, 3-6, 7-6) and finishing runner-up to Andy Roddick at the Cincinnati Masters 1000 (4-6, 7-6, 7-6). Thanks to these results, he climbed as high as No 20 at the end of the year. In 2004, before the Olympics, he had reached two finals on the tour, the first one in San Jose (lost to Roddick, 7-6, 6-4) and the second one in Halle where he was outclassed by Roger Federer (6-0, 6-3). In Grand Slam tournaments, Fish had only reached the third round once, at Wimbledon 2003 (defeated by Federer, 6-3, 6-1, 4-6, 6-1).
At the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, the tennis event took place on hard courts, at the Olympic Tennis Centre, which housed 10 courts. For the first time, the Olympic tournament allocated ATP ranking points to the players, hoping to attract the top players, without much success; despite the presence of world No 1 Federer, and world No 2 Roddick, many stars were missing from the men’s draw – Guillermo Coria (No 3), Andre Agassi (No 6), Lleyton Hewitt (No 8), David Nalbandian (No 9) and Gastón Gaudio (No 10). In the women’s draw, former world No 1 Serena Williams had withdrawn at the last moment. In total, 172 players competed in four events.
On the last day of the 2004 Olympic tournament, in Athens, two unexpected players entered the court to compete for the gold medal. The two best players in the world, Federer and Roddick, had been defeated in the early rounds, which allowed Fish and Massu to make their way to the final.
Fish, who had entered the draw unseeded, upset seed No 5 Juan Carlos Ferrero, from Spain, in the second round (4-6, 7-6, 6-4). In the semi-final, he faced seed No 16 Fernando Gonzalez, who had eliminated Roddick, world No 2, in the third round. After losing the first set, Fish eventually overcame Gonzalez to secure a medal (3-6, 6-3, 6-4), and now another Chilean was waiting for him in the final.
Although he was the No 10 seed, seeing Massu in the final was even more unexpected: he had not won a hard court match all year in 2004 (0 for 8) until the Olympics first round against Gustavo Kuerten (won 6-3, 5-7, 6-4). His biggest upset this week happened in the quarter-finals, when he eliminated the No 3 seed, Carlos Moya (6-2, 7-6). Before the singles final even began, his achievements in Athens had already made history. The night before, in doubles, Massu and Gonzalez had won the first gold medal in Chile’s history, after an incredible five-set thriller against Kiefer and Schuettler, from Germany. Down four match points in the fourth set tie-break, at 6-2, the Chileans managed to claw their way back to win the tie-break before sealing the fifth set, 6-4, in the middle of the night.
Massu recalled on olympic.org: “I played the doubles final the day before the singles final. Then I had to go to the antidoping test late at night. Then, I got a blood test in the morning, so I slept only five hours before the singles final. (…) Mardy Fish, my opponent, was waiting for this final two days before. (…) I had the best excuse if I lost in the singles final because I was tired, and I won the first gold medal in history for my country. (…) I had the best excuse to be in the second position; but I fought for the first one and I didn’t want to satisfy myself with the second place, I wanted to win.”
Determined to give his best, and helped by a very tense Fish, Massu took the first set, 6-3. The American settled in the second set and, relying on his serve, he dictated the game while Massu was showing signs of exhaustion. Fish won the next two sets, 6-3, 6-2. “When I lost that third set set I thought I was going to lose the match because I couldn’t move. But I got a second life.”, Massu told the BBC afterwards.
Despite his fatigue, the Chilean kept fighting for every point and managed to push his opponent into a fifth set. Both players started the decider by losing their serve, but at this game, Massu showed more self-control, while Fish, overwhelmed by pressure, was now making an unusual number of unforced errors. “He just kept getting better and better,” commented Fish.”And more untired.”
When Nicolas Massu sealed the fifth set, 6-4, he could not believe what he had just accomplished. In less than 24 hours, he had given Chile its two first Olympic gold medals ever. “I don’t know how I did it. These are the best two days of my life,” said Massu. “It’s just too much, two gold medals in two days. It’s unbelievable for my country.”
Massu’s feat of clinching the gold medal in both singles and doubles at the same Olympics would remain unique in men’s tennis (in women’s tennis, Venus Williams had already achieved it in 2000, and her sister Serena would succeed in 2012). Shortly after his triumph, the Chilean would reach his career-high ranking as world No 9. In Grand Slam tournaments, Massu would obtain his best result by reaching the fourth round at the 2005 US Open (lost to Coria, 6-4, 2-6, 6-7, 6-2, 6-2). The 2004 Olympics would remain his only major title until his retirement, in 2013. Sixteen years later, the medals conquered by Massu, with the help of Gonzalez, would still be the only gold medals in Chile’s Olympic history. Obtaining the silver medal would also remain Fish’s biggest achievement. The American would climb as high as world No 7 in 2011, after reaching the quarter-finals at Wimbledon (lost to Rafael Nadal, 6-3, 6-3, 5-7, 6-4).