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August 27, 1985: The day Mary Joe Fernandez became the youngest ever player to win a match at the US Open
Every day Tennis Majors takes you back in time to celebrate a great moment in tennis history. Today, we go back to 1985 to witness how Mary Joe Fernandez, eight days after her 14th birthday, became the youngest player to win a match at Flushing Meadows
What happened exactly on that day
On this day, 14-year-old Mary Joe Fernandez, from the United States, defeated Sara Gomer in the first round of the US Open (6-1, 6-4). The win made her the youngest player, male or female, to win a match in the US Open main draw, beating Gabriela Sabatini’s previous record by four months.
The players involved: Mary Joe Fernandez and Sara Gomer
- Mary Joe Fernandez: the talented junior making her mark on the pro tour
Mary Joe Fernandez was born in Santo Domingo in 1971 but her parents moved to America when she was just six months old. She became prominent in the junior circuit, winning the Orange Bowl four times, in the U12, U14, U16 and U18 categories before the age of 14. In February 1985, aged only 13, she won three matches to reach the round of 16 at the prestigious Lipton Championships in Delray Beach. In August 1985, just after she turned 14, she was already ranked No 107 in the world.
- Sara Gomer: The young Brit who had reached the second round at Wimbledon
The place: Flushing Meadows, New York
The US Open (known as the US Nationals before 1968 and the start of the Open Era), was established in 1881. Although it is the only Grand Slam to have been played every single year without an interruption since its inception, it moved locations several times throughout the 20th century. First held in August 1881 on grass courts at the Newport Casino on Rhode Island, the tournament moved to New York in 1915, where it was held at the West Side Tennis Club at Forest Hills until 1977 (with the exception of years 1921-1923, when the event was moved to Philadelphia).
In the years 1975-1977, the tournament was held on clay. In 1978, the US Open left the West Side Tennis Club, which was now too small for such an important event, for the USTA National Tennis Center, located in Flushing Meadows, New York. At the same time, the decision was made to change the surface to hard courts. The National Tennis Center was one of the biggest tennis complexes in the world: its Centre Court was the Louis Armstrong Stadium, which had a capacity of 14,000 spectators.
The facts: Mary Joe Fernandez wins in straight sets
Mary Joe Fernandez had turned 14 on August 19, a week before the beginning of the US Open. However, despite her young age, the American had earned her spot in the main draw as she had reached the round of 16 at the Lipton Championships in Florida just a few months earlier. To achieve that feat, the 13-year-old had won three consecutive matches against experienced professional players, including the 11th seed Bonnie Gadusek (7-6, 7-6).
At Flushing Meadows, she was under the spotlight, and even though she was only world No 107 and had lost in the first round at both Roland-Garros and Wimbledon, her opponent in the first round, Sara Gomer, from the UK, was probably not thrilled at the idea of facing the young phenomenon.
On August 27, 1985, while defending champion John McEnroe was pushed into a five-set combat in the first round by world No 175 Shlomo Glickstein on the main arena, the 14-year-old Fernandez was writing her own history, defeating her opponent in straight sets 6-1, 6-4. Never before had such a young player won a match at the US Open. The previous record was held by Gabriela Sabatini, who was 14 years and three months old when she reached the US Open third round in 1984. However, they were both older than Steffi Graf, who had become the youngest player to ever score a win in a Grand Slam tournament, at Roland-Garros, in1983, at the age of 13.
What next? Mary Joe Fernandez becomes a Grand Slam and Olympic champion
Although in 1984 Sabatini had made her way into the third round, Fernandez’s run would end in the second round, where the American would be defeated by Ann Henricksson (6-1, 6-4).
Mary Joe Fernandez’s best performance at the US Open would be reaching the semi-finals in 1990 (lost to Sabatini, 7-5, 5-7, 6-3). She would reach three Grand Slam finals during her career, defeated by Steffi Graf at the 1990 Australian Open and at Roland-Garros in 1993, and by Monica Seles at the 1992 Australian Open. Claiming seven titles in total, she would climb as high as world No 4 in 1990.
She also won two Grand Slam women’s doubles titles (Australian Open in 1991 with Patty Fendick and French Open in 1996 with Lindsay Davenport) and claimed three Olympic medals – two golds in women’s doubles and one bronze in women’s singles.
Sara Gomer would climb as high as world No 48 in 1988, and she would claim her only title the same year in Aptos, California (defeating Robin White in the final, 6-4, 7-5). She would remain the last British female player to have won a WTA title for 24 years, until Heather Watson lifted the trophy in Osaka in 2012.