- 08 Jul 2020
What happened exactly on that day
On this day, July 8, 2006, Amélie Mauresmo became the first French player to triumph at Wimbledon since Suzanne Lenglen, in 1925. In the final round, she defeated Justine Henin (2-6, 6-3, 6-4) in a spectacular battle of one-handed backhands. Mauresmo, who had reclaimed the world No 1 spot after claiming her first Grand Slam title in Melbourne, confirmed her hold on the tour in 2006, while depriving Henin of the only major title she hadn’t won yet.
The people involved
Amélie Mauresmo, the world No 1 seeking his willing to justify her status
Amélie Mauresmo was born in 1979. She made herself famous in 1999, when, ranked No 29, she reached the final at the Australian Open, defeating world No 1 Lindsay Davenport in the semi-final (4-6, 7-5, 7-5) before losing to Martina Hingis (6-2, 6-3). That year, she also entered the top 10 for the first time and claimed her first title in Bratislava. She confirmed her potential in 2001, lifting four trophies on the tour and going as far as the quarter-finals at the US Open (lost to Jennifer Capriati, 6-3, 6-4).
Between the start of 2002 and the end of 2005, displaying an aggressive game based on a good serve and a solid one-handed backhand, Mauresmo claimed 12 titles (including six “Tier I”s, the most important non-major tournaments), and she reached three Grand Slam semi-finals, as well as nine quarter-finals, but she never reached a major final. Her lack of success in Grand Slam events saw her criticized for her alleged mental weakness and her becoming world No 1 in September 2004 quite controversial.
At the end of 2005, Mauresmo eventually triumphed in a major event, claiming the title at the Masters against fellow Frenchwoman Mary Pierce (5-7, 7-6, 6-4). In 2006, she eventually won a Grand Slam tournament at the Australian Open, defeating Henin, who quit when she was down 6-1, 2-0. On March 20, she became world No 1 for the second time. After a disappointing loss in the fourth round at Roland-Garros, Mauresmo had to perform well at Wimbledon to silence the critics who said that she got lucky in the Australian Open final and that she did not deserve to be world No 1.
Justine Henin, the world No 3 in Wimbledon hunt
Justine Henin, born in 1982, had been one of the dominant players since 2003. After a few years of performing well without ever winning a major event, she hired Pat Etcheberry as a fitness coach at the end of 2002. The hard work she put in paid off the following year, when she prevailed at Roland-Garros as well as the US Open, each time defeating her countrywoman and rival Kim Clijsters in straight sets. Her game, based on variety, not only amazed tennis fans – especially her wonderful one-handed backhand, a very uncommon feature in modern women’s tennis – but also made her the best clay-court player of her time. She had claimed three titles at Roland-Garros, in 2003, 2005 and 2006.
World No 1 for the first time on October 20, 2003, she had held that spot for a total of 45 weeks already. Outside of the French Open, she won the US Open crown in 2003 and triumphed at the Australian Open in 2004, claiming a total of five Major titles. Despite having reached the final in 2001 (defeated by Venus Williams, 6-1, 3-6, 6-0), and the semi-finals twice, Wimbledon remained the only Grand Slam title missing from her resume. She had also collected a gold medal at the 2004 Olympics in Athens, and she had won the 2001 Fed Cup under the Belgian flag, putting her rivalry with Kim Clijsters aside.
Wimbledon is the oldest and the most prestigious tennis tournament in the world. Held by the All England Lawn Tennis and Cricket Club since 1877, it moved into its current location in 1922, the same year when the Centre Court was built. Considered by many as the most intimidating court in the world, with its famous Rudyard Kipling quote above the entrance (“If you can meet with triumph and disaster and treat those two impostors just the same”), the Centre Court had seen the best players of all time competing for the title.
After the US Open switched to clay and then hard court in the 1970s, and after the Australian Open switched to hard court in 1988, Wimbledon remained the only Grand Slam tournament to be played on grass, a surface that is usually more suitable for serve and volley players. Not only did Wimbledon keep its surface, but it also maintained old-fashioned traditions such as the white dress code.
The 2006 Wimbledon final was a repeat of the Australian Open final between Mauresmo and Henin. In Melbourne, Henin, feeling sick, quit when Mauresmo was up 6-1, 2-0, depriving her opponent from the sastisfaction of claiming her long-awaited first Grand Slam title on an actual match point.
In London, Mauresmo had made her way to the final with less pressure than usual from the French press, whose attention was drawn to the national soccer team reaching the final in the World Cup.
This time, the Belgian was not diminished by sickness. She had just claimed the French Open without dropping a single set, and at the All England Club, she had still not lost a set while racing through her first six matches. She broke the world No.1’s serve in the opening game and quickly took the first set, 6-2. It looked like Mauresmo’s nerves were going to betray her again, but she fought back brilliantly in the second set. Playing very aggressively, the Frenchwoman, who had already reversed an unfavourable scenario in her semi-final against Maria Sharapova (6-3, 3-6, 6-2), sealed the set 6-3 to even the score and push Henin to a third set.
In the final set, Mauresmo confidently took an early lead and managed to keep it until the end, not concealing a single break point until the end of the match. At 5-4, 30-30, Mauresmo hit a beautiful backhand volley to obtain a championship point. A few seconds later, at 40-30, Justine Henin netted a last forehand. This time, Mauresmo could kneel on the grass and enjoy the feeling of claiming a Grand Slam title in the traditional way.
“I hope people will stop talking about my nerves now”, said the new Wimbledon champion during the trophy ceremony.
Mauresmo would remain on top of the WTA rankings until November 12, when Henin would reclaim the throne after finishing runner-up at the US Open. From 2007, Mauresmo would slowly decline, disturbed by numerous injuries. She would leave the top 10 in 2007 and she would claim only two more titles on the Tour before retiring at the end of 2009.
Henin would never triumph at Wimbledon. In 2006, after losing to Sharapova (6-4, 6-4) in the US Open final, she would finish the year by winning the Masters Cup against Mauresmo (6-4 6-3). In 2007, she would skip the Australian Open, but then she would win 10 out of 14 tournaments played, including Roland-Garros, the US Open and the Masters. That year, she would also become the first woman in WTA history to earn more than $5 million in prize money.
In 2008, Justine Henin would surprise the world of tennis by announcing her retirement, aged only 25. On September 22, 2009, Henin would confirm her comeback on the Tour in 2010. Unfortunately, she would fall and injure her elbow at Wimbledon, while facing Clijsters. which would force her to put an early end to her 2010 season. She would never recover from this injury. She would retire once and for all after the 2011 Australian Open, where she would lose in the third round against Svetlana Kuznetsova (6-4, 7-6). Henin would hold seven Grand Slam titles and she remained world No 1 for 117 weeks in total.