October 18, 1993: Ivan Lendl’s last title

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On this day in tennis history, the great champion defeated Todd Martin to win his final singles title.

What happened 

On this day, October 18, 1993, former world No 1 Ivan Lendl claimed the last of his 94 titles. An eight-time Grand Slam champion, Lendl had just left the top 15 for the first time since 1980, and in 1993, he hadn’t reached the quarter-finals in any major tournament, which had not happened to him since 1979. To clinch his fifth crown in Tokyo, he defeated Todd Martin in the final (6-4, 6-4). 

The players

Born in 1960, Ivan Lendl was world No 7 in September 1992. After turning professional in 1978, he was ranked as one of the four best players in the world from 1980 onwards, along with Bjorn Borg, John McEnroe and Jimmy Connors. Although he had won dozens of ATP tournaments, including the Grand Prix Masters in 1981 (defeating Vitas Gerulaitis, 6-7, 2-6, 7-6, 6-2, 6-4), he didn’t claim a Grand Slam title until 1984. In fact, he had been defeated four times in Grand Slam finals, once in Roland-Garros (in 1981, defeated by Bjorn Borg), twice at the US Open (beaten by Jimmy Connors in 1982 and 1983), and once at the Australian Open (lost to Mats Wilander in 1983).

In 1984, Lendl eventually triumphed at Roland-Garros, defeating John McEnroe in an epic final where he came back from two sets down to lift his first Grand Slam trophy. In 1985, he reached the final at the French Open (defeated once again by Wilander), but at the US Open, a few weeks after becoming world No 1 again, he claimed a second Grand Slam crown, edging McEnroe in the final (7-6, 6-3, 6-4). In the following years, Lendl dominated the game, clinching six Grand Slam titles: Roland-Garros (1986, 1987), the US Open (1986, 1987) and the Australian Open (1989, 1990).

He never managed to triumph at Wimbledon, although he finished runner-up twice, in 1986 (to the young defending champion Boris Becker, 6-4, 6-3, 7-5) and 1987 (defeated by Pat Cash, 7-6, 6-2, 7-5). In the early 1990s, Lendl’s domination was over, but he remained a solid top 10 player until the end of 1992. In 1993, he failed to go past the second round in any Grand Slam tournament, and in October, he was No 18, his worst ranking since April 1980.

Ivan Lendl set new standards in the baseline game, with a very powerful topspin forehand that allowed him to play aggressively while staying extremely consistent, pushing his opponents into a very tough physical challenge. He also set new standards in work ethic, practising more than anyone before, paying attention to his fitness and to his diet in a way which tennis players were not used to. 

Todd Martin was born in 1970. He played two years for Northwestern University before he decided to turn pro in 1990. It took him two years to break into the top 100. The following year, in 1993, he claimed his first title in Coral Springs (defeating David Wheaton in the final, 6-3, 6-4), and he finished runner-up in Memphis, Washington and Montreal. Having reached the quarterfinals at Wimbledon (defeated by Jim Courier, 6-2, 7-6, 6-3), he was now No 16 in the world. 

The place

The Tokyo Indoor Open was held from 1978 at the Yoyogi National Gymnasium, famous for its suspension roof design. The tournament had been a part of the prestigious Grand Prix Circuit in the 1980’s, and it had been won by numerous great players such as Borg, Connors, Becker, Edberg and Lendl (four times, in 1983, 1985, 1990 and 1992).

The facts

At the 1993 Tokyo Indoor Open, although Lendl was the defending champion, he was far from being the favourite. His 1993 season had been the worst he’d had since 1979. Struggling with hip mobility, he had also undergone knee surgery, and for the first time in 13 years, he was out of the top 15. In Tokyo, he was only the ninth seed, in a draw including great indoor players such as Edberg, Becker and Goran Ivanisevic.

However, great champions like Lendl, who, at the time, held the record of 270 weeks spent as world No 1, should never be counted out. He took care of Becker in the quarterfinal, surviving a thriller won 6-3, 1-6, 7-6. In the semi-finals, the third-time US Open champion defeated Paul Haarhuis (who had eliminated Ivanisevic in the third round), in another deciding tie-break (3-6, 6-4, 7-6). 

In the final, Lendl faced Todd Martin, the newcomer who had reached the Wimbledon quarter-finals a few months before. The American had ousted the No 1 seed Edberg in the quarter-finals (6-4, 6-4). Very tall (6’6), he had a great serve, which he often followed to the net, but he could also be consistent from the baseline. 

On that day,  October 18, Lendl proved that Agassi had been right about him when he had said in August that “there [were] some days when he still hits the ball like a top four player.”

The former world No 1 remained solid, with a forehand as sharp as in the good old days, and he left no chance to his opponent, outplaying him 6-4, 6-4. Lendl had just claimed the 94th title in his amazing career. He didn”t know it at the time, but it was also his final one.

“I don’t think I belong out of the top 10 yet, but there are reasons why it happened that I couldn’t control,” said Lendl, quoted by The New York Times. “I’m going to have another crack at it, but if I play lousy, there’s a good chance 1994 could be my last year.”

What next 

Despite a good start in 1994, where he reached the final in Sydney and the fourth round at the Australian Open (each time defeated by the undisputed No 1 Pete Sampras), Lendl would continue his decline in 1994. His ranking would drop to No 30, and he would play his last match at the US Open, defeated by Bernd Karbacher (6-4, 7-6, 1-0, ret.).

Martin would be named the ATP’s Most Improved Player in 1993. He would achieve his most remarkable results in 1994, entering the top 10 for the first time after finishing runner-up to Pete Sampras at the Australian Open (7-6, 6-4, 6-4) and reaching the semi-finals at Wimbledon (lost to Pete Sampras again, 6-4, 6-4, 4-6, 6-3) and at the US Open (lost to Agassi, 6-3, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3). In 1999, Martin would reach a second major final, in New York, defeated by Agassi in five sets (6-4, 6-7, 6-7, 6-3, 6-2), a result that would take him to his highest ranking as world No 4.

 

 

 

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